Your choice of Profession, Your Personality expressing itself!
John R. Holland, an American psychologist and researcher, introduced a theory on occupational interests called Holland Codes or Holland’s Occupational Theory (RIASEC). For Holland an individual’s choice of occupation was expression of personality itself.
He defined interests as “the personality expressing itself through work, through pastimes, recreational activities and preferences”.
Holland identified six main types of interest, which together covered all existing occupations. They are known under the acronym of RIASEC
R (Realistic) – Know how, building, physical activities, and outdoor activities.
“Realistic” type individuals like physical and/or manual activities, to make concrete things, and to experiment. Driven by concrete results they are endowed with great dexterity and extreme patience for work that requires precision. Their physical endurance also makes them capable of doing any activity in the field.
I (Investigative) – Research, learning, science, technology.
This dimension corresponds to individuals that require theoretical knowledge in order to take action, who like to solve problems, to make surveys and to research information in order to better understand their environment.
A (Artistic) – Feeling, passion, design, creation.
“Artistic” type people like to express themselves through artistic means (music, drawing, art) but this dimension also refers to the need to express ideas and feelings. The related attitudes are therefore linked to creativity, imagination, sensitivity, and the constant search for novelty.
S (Social) – To convey, understanding of others, communication, relationships.
“Social” type individuals like to take action in the presence of others, to help and communicate with others. The ability to meet new people is a key element of this dimension, which entitles the ability to express themselves and a sense of cooperation or group work.
E (Enterprising) – Taking action, undertaking projects, leading, managing.
This dimension refers to the need for openness, risk taking, and to the desire to influence others and to persuade them by selling them ideas (or objects). The key elements of this dimension are initiative and communication, but also important are diplomacy and management.
C (Conventional) – To plan, to structure, data, numbers.
The term “conventional” relates to a preoccupation with orderly and meticulous work, and the adherence to the rules and planned activities. “Conventional” type people like to conform to precise rules, to be organized, efficient and respectful towards authority.
Any individual will be able to identify with the personality types suggested by this model. Clearly, each individual possess more than one factor’s characteristics. While Holland suggests that people can be categorized based on the six types, the idea is to focus on the dominant traits and not assume that only six types of people exist in the world. The combination of these six personality types provides the possibility of 720 different personality patterns. An individual’s working environment can also be characterized using the same approach with each profession combining several fields of interest. John Holland’s RIASEC model has become an international reference for scholastic and occupational interest tests.
Thus, the theory of vocational interests confirms the hypothesis that professional interests are an extension of the personality and reflect an individual’s motivations!!!
Central test’s – Occupational Interest inventory is based on this theory