Competencies are derived from specific job families within an organization and are frequently categorized as strategy, relationships, innovation, leadership, risk-taking, decision-making, emotional intelligence, and so on. Competency mapping determines a person’s strengths and weaknesses. The goal is to help the person better understand himself or herself and to identify where career development efforts should be focused. Employee mapping can be done by the employee or by others such as superiors. It is also possible to use the 360-degree method, in which peers, first reports, and customers rate the employee.